Dr. Jameason Cameron and Dr. Gary Goldfield are authors on a paper, “Screen time is associated with depressive symptomatology among obese adolescents: a HEARTY study,” that is in press in Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism. Citation details and a summary of the paper are below.
Cameron JD, Sigal RJ, Kenny GP, Alberga AS, Prud’homme D, Phillips P, Doucette S, Goldfield G. Body composition and energy intake – skeletal muscle mass is the strongest predictor of food intake in obese adolescents: The HEARTY trial. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2016 Feb 8:1-7. [Epub ahead of print]
There has been renewed interest in examining the relationship between specific components of energy expenditure and the overall influence onenergy intake (EI). The purpose of this cross-sectional analysis was to determine the strongest metabolic and anthropometric predictors of EI. It was hypothesized that resting metabolic rate (RMR) and skeletal muscle mass would be the strongest predictors of EI in a sample of overweight and obese adolescents. 304 post-pubertal adolescents (91 boys, 213 girls) aged 16.1 (±1.4) years with body mass index at or above the 95th percentile for age and sex OR at or above the 85th percentile plus an additional diabetes risk factor were measured for body weight, RMR (kcal/day) by indirect calorimetry, body composition by magnetic resonance imaging (fat free mass (FFM), skeletal muscle mass, fat mass (FM), and percentage body fat), and EI (kcal/day) using 3 day food records. Body weight, RMR, FFM, skeletal muscle mass, and FM were all significantly correlated with EI (p < 0.005). After adjusting the model for age, sex, height, and physical activity, only FFM (β = 21.9, p = 0.007) and skeletal muscle mass (β = 25.8, p = 0.02) remained as significant predictors of EI. FFM and skeletal muscle mass also predicted dietary protein and fat intake (p < 0.05), but not carbohydrate intake. In conclusion, with skeletal muscle mass being the best predictor of EI, our results support the hypothesis that the magnitude of the body‘s lean tissue is related to absolute levels of EI in a sample of inactive adolescents with obesity.