Congratulations to former HALOite Dr. Bruno da Costa and HALO Research Scientist Dr. Jean-Philippe Chaput on their recent publication, “Association between sociodemographic, dietary, and substance use factors and accelerometer-measured 24-hour movement behaviours in Brazilian adolescents,” in the European Journal of Pediatrics. Citation details and an abstract of the paper are below.
Bravo, Bruno and team!
da Costa, B.G.G., Chaput, JP., Lopes, M.V.V. et al. Association between sociodemographic, dietary, and substance use factors and accelerometer-measured 24-hour movement behaviours in Brazilian adolescents. Eur J Pediatr 180, 3297–3305 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00431-021-04112-0
Sociodemographic factors and lifestyle behaviours were evidenced as correlates of self-reported 24-hour movement behaviours in high-income settings. However, it is unclear how these relations occur in a middle-income country setting, with unique cultural and social characteristics. This study aimed to examine the association between sociodemographic, dietary, and substance use factors with accelerometer-measured 24-hour movement behaviours in Brazilian adolescents. Information on sex, age, socioeconomic status (SES), family structure, dietary behaviours, and history of substance use were collected by a questionnaire. Sleep duration, sedentary behaviour, and light- and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (LPA and MVPA) were measured using wrist-worn accelerometers. On average, females slept more (β = 21.09, 95%CI 13.18; 28.98), engaged in more LPA (β = 17.60, 95%CI 8.50; 27.13), and engaged in less sedentary behaviour (β = −16.82, 95%CI −30.01; −4.30) and MVPA (β = −4.76, 95%CI −7.48; −1.96) than males. Age and sedentary behaviour were positively associated (β = 8.60, 95%CI 2.53; 14.64). Unprocessed foods were positively related to LPA (β = 2.21, 95%CI 0.55; 3.92), whereas processed foods were positively related to sedentary behaviour (β = 3.73, 95%CI 0.03; 7.38) and inversely related to MVPA (β = −0.89, 95%CI −1.68; −0.10). Family structure, SES, and substance use factors were not significantly associated with any 24-hour movement behaviour.
Conclusions: Sex, age, and dietary behaviours, unlike SES or substance use, were associated with 24-hour movement behaviours in this sample of Brazilian adolescents and are important factors to consider in interventions, policies, and practice.
|What is Known:|
• The 24-hour movement behaviours are composed of sleep, sedentary behaviour, and physical activity and are important determinants of health.
• Most adolescents do not engage in adequate levels of physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and sleep, and there is a need to better understand factors related to these behaviours.
|What is New:|
• Sex, age, and dietary behaviours were associated with the 24-hour movement behaviours.
• No associations were found between socioeconomic status and substance use with the 24-hour movement behaviours.
The full article can be accessed here.